A novel approach to the preclinical assessment of novel anti-cancer drugs

Project Background

The current strategy for the preclinical assessment of novel molecules for the treatment of solid tumours involves efficacy assessment in animal models. These models involve a xenograft tumour implanted subcutaneously in the animal, typically in mice. However, these models are not always good predictors of a molecule’s activity in humans and can require the use of large numbers of animals. In vitro methods can indicate whether a drug successfully interacts with the intended target but currently cannot accurately mimic pharmacokinetic or metabolic events.

Why we funded it

This Project Grant aims to reduce the numbers of xenograft mouse models required in preclinical cancer studies using a hollow fibre assay (HFA) for validation of target-drug interactions.   

Use of the HFA allows for the reduction of mice required for preclinical assessment as several fibres can be transplanted into one animal. Approximately eight mice are needed per group in a xenograft study to generate appropriate statistical power. Preliminary evidence suggests the HFA assay requires three mice per group for a similar statistical power. The assays are short-term, seven to ten days, compared to xenograft studies which can take up to in excess of three weeks. The use of the fibre also means there is a reduction in tumour burden, which if excessive can cause pain and discomfort.

Research Methods

The HFA uses biocompatible PVDF hollow fibres designed to allow free passage of macromolecules and drugs but restricts the passage of cells. These fibres are loaded with human tumour cells, heat-sealed at both ends and surgically transplanted subcutaneously, or intraperitoneally, into anaesthetised mice. Animals are treated with the test agent from day three for four consecutive days, with studies terminated on day seven or day ten. The tumour cells from the fibre are then analysed for viability, with untreated cells compared to treated cells to determine the effect of the agent. One benefit of the HFA is the ability to use specifically engineered target-expressing tumour cell lines, which may not be tumourigenic in vivo but could grow in the fibre.     

Veiga JP et al. (2011). Use of the hollow fiber assay for the evaluation of DNA damaging agents. Journal of pharmacological and toxicological methods 64(3):226-32. doi: 10.1016/j.vascn.2011.04.006

Bridges EM et al. (2006). The hollow fiber assay for drug responsiveness in the Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors. The Journal of Pediatrics 149(1):103-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2006.02.042

Shnyder SD et al. (2006). Reducing the cost of screening novel agents using the hollow fibre assay. Anticancer research 26(3A):2049-52.  PMID: 16827143

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Project grant



Principal investigator

Professor Michael Bibby


University of Bradford


Dr Steve D Shnyder

Grant reference number


Award date

Feb 2005 - May 2009

Grant amount